Clinical trial safety profile

Adverse reactions in ≥5% of ARIKAYCE-treated patients with MAC lung disease (n=223) and more frequent than multidrug therapy alone (n=112) in the CONVERT trial1

Table shows adverse events greater than or equal to 5 percent with ARIKAYCE + multidrug therapy were more frequent than multidrug therapy alone.
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Table shows adverse events greater than or equal to 5 percent with ARIKAYCE + multidrug therapy were more frequent than multidrug therapy alone.
Adverse reaction ARIKAYCE + multidrug therapy (n=223) n (%) multidrug therapy alone (n=112) n (%)
Dysphonia a 106 (48) 2 (2)
Cough b 88 (40) 19 (17)
Bronchospasm c 64 (29) 12 (11)
Hemoptysis 41 (18) 15 (13)
Musculoskeletal pain d 40 (18) 10 (9)
Upper airway irritation e 39 (18) 2 (2)
Ototoxicity f 38 (17) 11 (10)
Fatigue and asthenia 36 (16) 11 (10)
Exacerbation of underlying pulmonary disease g 34 (15) 11 (10)
Diarrhea 28 (13) 5 (5)
Nausea 26 (12) 4 (4)
Headache 22 (10) 5 (5)
Pneumoniah 20 (9) 10 (9)
Pyrexia 17 (8) 5 (5)
Weight decreased 16 (7) 1 (1)
Vomiting i 15 (7) 4 (4)
Rash j 14 (6) 1 (1)
Change in sputum k 13 (6) 1 (1)
Chest discomfort 12 (5) 3 (3)

No new safety signals detected2,3

In the open-label safety extension study of the CONVERT trial, the safety and tolerability of ARIKAYCE + multidrug therapy remained consistent.

No new safety signals detected with up to 20 months of total ARIKAYCE exposure.

Respiratory AEs following ARIKAYCE initiation were common. Nephrotoxicity-related AEs and measured hearing decline were infrequent over the 12-month treatment phase in the extension study.

INS-312 was a 12-month open-label extension of the CONVERT trial that assessed the long-term safety and tolerability of once-daily ARIKAYCE + multidrug therapy. Eligible patients who completed both Month 6 and Month 8/EOT visits could consent to enroll directly in INS-312, in which case the Month 8/EOT visit served as the INS-312 baseline. All patients were treated with ARIKAYCE in INS-312. The frequency of TEAEs, TEAEs leading to study withdrawal, serious TEAEs, TEAEs of special interest, and clinically significant abnormalities in laboratory results and vital signs constituted the primary endpoint.

Additional adverse reactions in <5% of patients1

Selected adverse reactions that occurred in <5% of patients and at a higher frequency in ARIKAYCE-treated patients in the CONVERT trial included:

  • Anxietyl (5% vs 0%)
  • Oral fungal infectionm (4% vs 2%)
  • Bronchitis (4% vs 3%)
  • Dysgeusia (3% vs 0%)
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonitisn (3% vs 0%)
  • Dry mouth (3% vs 0%)
  • Epistaxis (3% vs 1%)
  • Respiratory failureo (3% vs 2%)
  • Pneumothoraxp (2% vs 1%)
  • Exercise tolerance decreased (1% vs 0%)
  • Balance disorder (1% vs 0%)
  • Neuromuscular disorderq (1% vs 0%)

Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) over time

TEAEs reported in ≥10% of patients receiving ARIKAYCE + multidrug therapy or multidrug therapy alone4

Discontinuations due to  treatment-emergent adverse events for ARIKAYCE + multidrug therapy primarily occurred early in the trial and declined over time. Discontinuations due to  treatment-emergent adverse events for ARIKAYCE + multidrug therapy primarily occurred early in the trial and declined over time.

Data indicate the month at which the events were first reported after initiation of therapy.4

Adapted with permission of the American Thoracic Society. Copyright © 2023 American Thoracic Society. All rights reserved. The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine is an official journal of the American Thoracic Society. Readers are encouraged to read the entire article for the correct context at The authors, editors, and The American Thoracic Society are not responsible for errors or omissions in adaptations.

Incidence of TEAEs Month 1 to Month 6

  • Patients who reported TEAEs and serious TEAEs in the CONVERT trial were 98.2% and 19.7% for ARIKAYCE + multidrug therapy vs 91.1% and 16.1% for multidrug therapy alone, respectively1,4

Discontinuations due to TEAEs primarily occurred early in the trial and declined over time.5

Management strategies may help patients with certain adverse events1,6

Treatment plan1

Bronchodilator use

Findings from a management strategy survey6


Soothing fluid intake

  • This information is not included in the ARIKAYCE full Prescribing Information
  • The data are from a telephone survey of 26 patients prescribed ARIKAYCE conducted during a 2-month period at 2 academic medical centers in the United States
  • Writing assistance was provided to the authors through funding from Insmed Incorporated. Insmed was not involved with the conceptualization, development, conduct, or analyses of the survey

Learn about additional management strategies for select respiratory AEs from the survey6

Graph of management strategies and select respiratory adverse events such as increased coughing, dysphonia, dyspnea, and increased sputum.
| Management strategy | Increased coughing | Dysphonia | Dyspnea | Increased sputum | |------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|--------------------|-----------|---------|------------------| | Bronchodilator use | * | | * | | | Changing ARIKAYCE administration to evening | * | * | | | | Brief interruptions of ARIKAYCE | * | * | * | | | Antitussive agents | * | * | | | | Lozenges | * | * | | | | Warm water or glycerin gargle postdosing | * | * | | | | Soothing fluid intake | * | * | | | | Limiting physical activity | | | * | | | Increased supplemental oxygen, if already administering | | | * | | | Airway clearance (eg, specific breathing techniques, chest percussion, and positive expiratory pressure therapy) | | | | * |

Customize management strategies to individual patients according to their specific needs

Use your clinical judgment when evaluating which strategy to use, including temporarily interrupting or discontinuing ARIKAYCE treatment, if necessary. Educating both patients and their extended care team may aid in early recognition and management of respiratory AEs, which could help contribute to a successful treatment outcome.3,6


aIncludes aphonia and dysphonia.

bIncludes cough, productive cough, and upper airway cough syndrome.

cIncludes asthma, bronchial hyperreactivity, bronchospasm, dyspnea, dyspnea exertional, prolonged expiration, throat tightness, and wheezing.

dIncludes back pain, arthralgia, myalgia, pain/body aches, muscle spasm, and musculoskeletal pain.

eIncludes oropharyngeal pain, oropharyngeal discomfort, throat irritation, pharyngeal erythema, upper airway inflammation, pharyngeal edema, vocal cord inflammation, laryngeal pain, laryngeal erythema, and laryngitis.

fIncludes deafness, deafness neurosensory, deafness unilateral, dizziness, hypoacusis, presyncope, tinnitus, vertigo, and balance disorders.

gIncludes COPD, infective exacerbation of COPD, and infective exacerbation of bronchiectasis.

hIncludes atypical pneumonia, empyema, infection pleural effusion, lower respiratory tract infection, lung infection, lung infection pseudomonas, pneumonia, pneumonia aspiration, pneumonia pseudomonas, pseudomonas infection, and respiratory tract infection.

iIncludes vomiting and post-tussive vomiting.

jIncludes rash, rash maculo-papular, drug eruption, and urticaria.

kIncludes increased sputum, sputum purulent, and sputum discolored.


lIncludes anxiety and anxiety disorder.

mIncludes oral candidiasis and oral fungal infection.

nIncludes allergic alveolitis, interstitial lung disease, and pneumonitis.

oIncludes acute respiratory failure and respiratory failure.

pIncludes pneumothorax, pneumothorax spontaneous, and pneumomediastinum.

qIncludes muscle weakness and neuropathy peripheral.

AE=adverse event; EOT=end of treatment; TEAE=treatment-emergent adverse event.

1. ARIKAYCE [package insert]. Bridgewater, NJ: Insmed Incorporated; 2023. 2. Winthrop KL, Flume PA, Thomson R, et al; INS-312 Study Group. Amikacin liposome inhalation suspension for Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease: a 12-month open-label extension clinical trial. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2021;18(7)1147-1157. 3. Daley CL, Iaccarino JM, Lange C, et al. Treatment of nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease: an official ATS/ERS/ESCMID/IDSA clinical practice guideline. Clin Infect Dis. 2020;71(4):e1-e36. 4. Griffith DE, Eagle G, Thomson R, et al; CONVERT Study Group. Amikacin liposome inhalation suspension for treatment-refractory lung disease caused by Mycobacterium avium complex (CONVERT): a prospective, open-label, randomized study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018;198(12):1559-1569. 5. Data on file. Insmed Incorporated. Bridgewater, NJ. 6. Swenson C, Lapinel NC, Ali J. Clinical management of respiratory adverse events associated with amikacin liposome inhalation suspension: results from a patient survey. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2020:7(4). doi:10.1093/ofid/ofaa079.

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